Every country has its own vision and policy as far as migration problems are concerned. It means that Poland has also the right to select or not to select its possible future citizens, as not all migrants in Poland will obtain citizenship. Anyway, Poland can already think about new inhabitants of its territory.
But even if Poland does not want to admit foreigners and if it secures the borders and introduces the pro-family policy (using the EU funds), the citizens of all countries in the world are in constant movement. So we can say that even if Poland does not wish that, there will be less Poles and still more foreigners here.
We know that for ages the Poles have been migrating, sometimes on permanent basis. Once I have heard a nice expression: “the Poles are not geese, have a tongue of their own.” Now I would like to say: “the Poles are not geese, have a brain of their own and that is why they choose their place of residence on this globe themselves.”
So if the Poles have and enjoy having their own choice (in this case it is the choice of the place of residence), why should other nations not have it, too? It is safe to say that even if all Polish embassies in other countries try to make the procedures of issuing visas (or of issuing residence cards in 16 provinces) difficult, there still will be more and more foreigners in Poland.
Well, if they will be coming anyway (even despite the wishes of the receiving country, because they always find a way to get to Poland), how come that Poland cannot/does not want to select them now? In a controlled way and at its own discretion?
Do the inhabitants of any particular part of the world “suit” Poland better?
The answer is very easy! The inhabitants of Vietnam! Why? Certainly not because the author of this text is a Polish citizen of Vietnamese origin as he has almost no say as far as this issue is concerned. Apart from the opportunity of expressing his opinion on this website.
It will be more profitable! Simply! For Poland and for Vietnam.
Now many people will probably say: Oh no, if we are to admit immigrants, let us take the Ukrainians. They are our neighbours, they have similar (Slavic) soul and perhaps they will learn Polish quickly. It means that they will assimilate faster.
Well, are they actually foreigners, immigrants from different parts of the world? Their physical appearance does not differ from Poles. Perhaps Ukraine will soon join the European Union, so Ukrainians will no longer be “foreigners”? They are almost the EU citizens, they will be able to travel freely in the EU, and they will probably leave Poland for other countries, just as the Poles do now. It does not necessarily have to be Ireland or England. Maybe it will be Spain, but it will be the matter of their personal choice, not Poland’s business.
So let us choose people living further, not the closest neighbours.
I have no objection to the citizens of Arabian countries, but after the incidents in Australia and France the Poles themselves are not willing to invite them to their country.
So maybe let us take the Chinese? There is a lot of them in the world, almost one and a half billion. But I heard that China is thought to be a great country, aspiring to be a world power, and Poles are allergic to the “world powers” (the case of defence of citizens), so it does not have to work.
And there are the Vietnamese. Of course, they are not perfect, too. But the Poles already have some experience concerning them. It is a rather peaceful nation. Reportedly, even some municipal guards are able to frighten them by controlling the legality of their residence permits in the streets of every town in Poland (although such activities should be a duty of the border guards). If the citizens of Vietnam do not know the regulations of Polish law, they should just be made aware of them gradually. Usually, they are not able to rebel against the authorities. In fact, they are not able to rebel against any authorities, even in a different system than the one that is functioning in Poland.
Perhaps the Vietnamese are tired with wars, and they just want to lead a peaceful life in Poland, to work, earn a living for their families (who very often are still in Vietnam, because it is not easy for them to come to Poland). They live in a free, democratic Poland. Some of them are aware that the Vietnamese paid too high a price for the unification of their country, which had not been divided by them but by the presidents of other big countries. Some Vietnamese were given the weapon by the countries of the Warsaw Pact (and China), some by the Western countries. And so they were fighting – the guinea pigs of all weapons and war tactics, also the guerrilla warfare.
We all know that the West helped Poland a lot during the process of gaining liberty and democracy. So why wouldn’t Poland help Vietnam? Poland is now playing a very important role in the EU and in the world. So it can do that.
Poland has the especially big potential and possibilities to help the Vietnamese. There are 35.000 Vietnamese living in Poland. In Vietnam, there are 5.000 people who have studied in Poland; they can speak Polish and they still have good memories of their life in this country. Those people think of Poland as of their second homeland.
According to the statistics – 5.000 Vietnamese are Polish citizens. Certainly, it makes them proud. Well, perhaps not all of them have learned the Polish national anthem, but they are probably all proud to listen to “Dąbrowski’s Mazurka.” The receipt of the decision to grant the Polish citizenship means a lot for the Vietnamese; it is an honour that remains a dream for many of their compatriots. One of my friends, who graduated from a university in Poland, says that he was waiting for 8 years to receive such a decision.Three times he applied for the Polish citizenship to the President of the Republic of Poland. He was not discouraged by 2 rejections.
As I have already mentioned, there are 35.000 Vietnamese living in Poland nowadays.If Poland allows for the arrival of just as many Vietnamese, there will be just 70.000 of them.
And even if there will be 100.000 Vietnamese in Poland? Is it such a big number in comparison to the millions of Poles who live abroad or a million that is preparing to leave Poland soon?
By Ngo Hoang Minh
Translation: Alicja Kosim
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It may seem surprising that the flag of Vietnam is an interesting, as well as a controversial issue. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam has a red flag with a yellow star in the middle. However, while entering „the flag of Vietnam” into the Google search, next to the red flag we can encounter another one – a yellow rectangle with three red stripes.
Hence, the Vietnamese should be made aware that if they live in Poland and declare it to be their second homeland, they should understand that communism is no longer tolerated here - and any acitivity propagating it is even forbidden by Polish Constitution.
In order to get the message across to the Vietnamese and to thoroughly explain to them what were the prodemocratic transformations in Poland, as well as to encourage them to integrate with the Poles, it is necessary to reach their leaders. The leaders of the Vietnamese community, people who know that group from the inside, are the best candidates to be the experts who will allow for getting to know each other and the mutual integration.
What are the features of the perfect expert?
Of course, it needs to be a person who speaks Vietnamese and knows not only the situation of the Vietnamese community in Poland but also the reality of contemporary Vietnam, as migrants who live in Poland are constantly in touch with their country of origin and they often think of returning to their homeland in the future. So it cannot be a person who left Vietnam when they were a child and do not travel there any more, because such a person may have very limited knowledge about contemporary Vietnam. Moreover, a good expert cannot be a person who has very limited contacts with the Vietnamese as he/she is not accepted by the majority of the community because of his/her sharp and controversial political views. In other words, it needs to be someone who is accepted by that community, in particular, someone who often talks with them, regardless of their political views or religious beliefs.
The Vietnamese are "allergic" to people who by all means look for the "class enemy," trying rather to gain popularity among Polish audiences (e.g. by their constant presence in Polish media) than to represent the interests of the Vietnamese migrants.
It ought to be stated that these Vietnamese who participated in the, so called, first wave of migrations and graduated from Polish universities within the helping programme for Vietnam should prove to be good candidates for the role of the experts. They have been residing in Poland for many years, and thanks to it, they managed to integrate with Polish society. Furthermore, thanks to the fact of being brought up in Vietnam, they speak Vietnamese fluently, and keeping in touch with their relatives and friends in the country of origin provides them with some knowledge about the situation in Vietnam. It should be noted that studies in Poland were available only for few chosen people - students from Vietnamese schools who got the best results in the entrance exams.
As far as Vietnamese students in Poland are concerned, it is worth remembering that not only did they have to be the best students in Vietnam but they also had to work very hard during their studies. The lack of progress in their studies could cause the deportation to Vietnam, and the situation od the expelled students in their country was very difficult.
Perhaps it is difficult for Poles to understand the fact that during the 5 years of studying (or 6 years, including a preparatory year to learn Polish), a Vietnamese student could visit their family only once - at their own expense. In addition, it was necessary to receive good marks in order to obtain a return visa to Vietnam (no, it is not a mistake - they needed entry visas!). What is more, when the transformations were beginning to take place in Poland, the Embassy of Vietnam confiscated students' passports. The students had only their student cards and certificates confirming that they were the citizens of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Some Vietnamese, who after graduation decided to stay in Poland (e.g. to start a family), had to pay (pay back to the Embassy of Vietnam) a big amount of money - almost the whole sum of the scholarships they had been receiving during their studies - in order to get their passports back and to receive the certificates about their marital status, which were necessary for the procedure of solemnising marriage with Polish citizens and of obtaining the residence card.
When one takes a look into the biographies of the Vietnamese who graduated in Poland, one can easily notice that they went through a lot: they experienced not only the period of wars with the USA, but also the wars with Cambodia and China, and the martial law in Poland. It was a real school of life for them. It is high time they use their experience to cooperate towards the rapproachment between the Poles and Vietnamese. For instance, the experts should act as advisors while organising the cultural events for the Vietnamese community, to prevent such events as those held to honour the army, involving innocent Vietnamese children (born in the democratic Poland), dressed in uniforms and infantry's neckerchiefs, which are unambiguously associated with the communist system. The Vietnamese who live in Poland should realise that such parades and marches, referring openly to the communist model, are not approved in contemporary Poland. It should be noted that the majority of the participants of such events - not only children, but also their parents, involved in the subsequent waves of migrations - just want to take part in a cultural event gathering their compatriots, and do not realise that they are being used by the procommunist propaganda.
However, graduates from Polish universities who are still living in Poland are well aware of the character of such events and of the way they are received by Polish society. In other words, they know a lot, but some of them do not want to protest. Perhaps they are afraid of the potential lack of the possibility to visit their families in their old country.
Admittedly, if they are Polish citizens, in such a case they should receive help from their new homeland. But how does that look in practice?
Currently, Poland has achieved a strong position and good opinion in Europe and worldwide. Hence, it can help not only the Vietnamese community in Poland, but also the whole Vietnamese nation. By deliberate and wise actions, with the assistance of the experts coming from the group of the Vietnamese who have integrated with Poland, Poland has a chance to contribute to the positive change of the political situation in Vietnam.
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The answer could be instantaneous: “Yes! Of course it is necessary”.
But no, the Vietnamese are active all the time, though it seems that only in their own community. So what should be done to make them more active in Warsaw, among Poles and other residents of the capital?
Projekt ‘MIEJSKI SYSTEM INFORMACYJNY I AKTYWIZACYJNY DLA MIGRANTÓW’ jest współfinansowany z Programu Krajowego Funduszu Azylu, Migracji i Integracji oraz budżetu państwa. Wyłączna odpowiedzialność spoczywa na autorze. Komisja Europejska nie ponosi odpowiedzialności za sposób wykorzystania udostępnionych informacji.
Projekt LOKALNE MIĘDZYSEKTOROWE POLITYKI NA RZECZ INTEGRACJI IMIGRANTÓW realizowany był w ramach programu Obywatele dla Demokracji, finansowanego z Funduszy EOG.
Projekt LOKALNE POLITYKI MIGRACYJNE - MIĘDZYNARODOWA WYMIANA DOŚWIADCZEŃ W ZARZĄDZANIU MIGRACJAMI W MIASTACH był współfinansowany ze środków Unii Europejskiej w ramach Europejskiego Funduszu na rzecz Integracji Obywateli Państw Trzecich oraz budżetu państwa. Wyłączna odpowiedzialność spoczywa na autorze. Komisja Europejska nie ponosi odpowiedzialności za sposób wykorzystania udostępnionych informacji.
Projekt LOKALNE MIĘDZYSEKTOROWE POLITYKI NA RZECZ INTEGRACJI IMIGRANTÓW był współfinansowany ze środków Unii Europejskiej w ramach Europejskiego Funduszu na rzecz Integracji Obywateli Państw Trzecich oraz budżetu państwa. Wyłączna odpowiedzialność spoczywa na autorze. Komisja Europejska nie ponosi odpowiedzialności za sposób wykorzystania udostępnionych informacji.
Projekt ‘WARSZAWSKIE CENTRUM WIELOKULTUROWE’ był współfinansowany ze środków Unii Europejskiej w ramach Europejskiego Funduszu na rzecz Integracji Obywateli Państw Trzecich oraz budżetu państwa. Wyłączna odpowiedzialność spoczywa na autorze. Komisja Europejska nie ponosi odpowiedzialności za sposób wykorzystania udostępnionych informacji.
LOKALNE MIĘDZYSEKTOROWE POLITYKI NA RZECZ INTEGRACJI IMIGRANTÓW Projekt realizowany był przy wsparciu Szwajcarii w ramach szwajcarskiego programu współpracy z nowymi krajami członkowskimi Unii Europejskiej.